The term psychological assessment can be defined as the evaluation of an individual by a qualified and qualified psychologist to determine the required mental health services. A number of people are specifically referred to the specialized tests and mental health screening processes. At the same time, many people have to go through the screening for employment, education and legal purposes. Most of the experienced psychiatrists determine the state and process of evaluation by observing the behaviors and tendencies of individuals. Usually, the purpose and method of mental assessment varies from individual to person. But most of the psychologists concentrate on some key components, regardless of the format of the psychological assessment.
Interview: Most psychologists prefer to observe their clients during a personal interview. They simply talk to the individuals to gather information related to the background and current state of mind. When the interviewer answers the questions, the professional is aware of both verbal as well as non-verbal clues. The interview’s response is also evaluated on the basis of his tone and vocal inflections. Usually, the psychologist asks questions that relate to specific questions, situations and statements. Based on how the interview answers the specific questions, the psychologist determines the necessary steps and goals. However, psychological assessment can be conducted through both structured and unstructured interviews.
Formal observation: Similar to interviewing their clients, many psychologists also prefer to observe the person in a formal way. The individual’s intentional and unintentional behavior may indicate the psychologist’s mental health. However, the person can be observed formally with or without prior intimation or knowledge. The professionals also specifically observe how a person behaves in certain circumstances and also interacts with others. Some psychologists even prefer this method of screening mental health over the interviews. While observing the individual, the professional psychologists can determine the necessary mental health services.
Psychological tests: Often, professional psychological assessment also consists of a set of formal tests. These psychological tests are used as an effective medium to measure the individual’s mental health on his intelligence, talents and specific aptitude. Usually, an individual must undergo a series of tests to measure his personality, intelligence quotient (IQ), ability and preferences. After each test, the psychologist collects specific information and data. The information and data collected following individual psychological tests are combined to evaluate the person’s mental health. However, some of the tests are performed specifically to eliminate certain mental health services.
Informal Assessment: In addition to the formal interviews, observations and tests, many psychologists are also happy to perform informal psychological assessment. A psychologist usually decides the need for an informal assessment only after evaluating the information and data collected using the formal methods. The psychologist also meets with the person concerned to determine the additional mental health services he needs. The informal assessment techniques are often used for the children. Based on the information and data collected from the parents, a psychologist decides the additional services the child requires.