Benefits of the nursing process in care planning

The nursing care planning process is an important tool in the management of patients. It, in turn, creates a systematic approach to the care plan that, with the inclusion of other caregivers, provides patients with the best path to full fitness. When used effectively, the nursing planning process offers many health benefits:

  • It is patient-oriented and helps ensure that your patient’s health problems and their response to them are the primary focus of care.
  • This allows you to individualize care for each individual patient.
  • It promotes patient participation in their care, encourages independence and concordance, and gives the patient a greater sense of control – important factors in a positive health outcome. (See Placing the ‘P’ in the Schedule.)
  • It improves communication by giving you and other nurses a summary of the patient’s recognized problems or needs, so you all work towards the same goals.
  • It promotes liability for nursing activities, which in turn promotes quality assurance and quality healthcare.
  • It promotes critical thinking, decision-making and problem-solving for the benefit of healthcare.
  • It is results-oriented and encourages evaluation of results.
  • It minimizes errors and omissions in care planning.

Basis for the planning process of nursing care The nursing care planning process is based on the scientific method of problem solving, which involves:

  • stating the problem you have observed
  • hypotheses about the solution of the problem (‘if … then’ statements)
  • develop a method to test the hypothesis
  • collecting the test data
  • analyzing the data
  • draw conclusions about the hypothesis.

A scientific fact Most people instinctively use the scientific method, unaware that they are doing it. Just figuring out which pair of shoes best suits your favorite outfit is an exercise in the scientific method. So if you are familiar with the scientific process, the nursing planning process probably seems familiar. Steps of the nursing process. The nursing planning process involves five steps:

  1. review
  2. nurse diagnosis
  3. schedule
  4. implementation
  5. Evaluation

By systematically following these steps in the order shown here, you can organize and prioritize patient care in the order needed – especially critical for the novice nursing student. It also ensures that you do not miss or overlook important patient data. When used correctly, the nursing planning process ensures that the care plan is revised when new problems arise or the patient’s results remain unfulfilled. It also ensures that the nursing care plan can be discontinued once the patient’s results have been achieved.

Source by Iain S Surman