Today, most organizations automate their testing efforts to save both time and costs. As it automates its software testing efforts, every company has the option to choose from a variety of testing tools available in the market. Some of these tools are open source and free, while others are licensed. Likewise, the features and functionality of individual test automation tools differ. That’s why; It becomes essential for companies to choose the right testing tools based on important criteria such as testing needs, budget, availability of skilled resources and test management.
Both HP Unified Functional Testing (UFT) and Selenium are hugely popular test automation tools. But the testing tools are completely different from each other in terms of features, performance and popularity. As shown by some recent reports, the popularity of UFT is gradually declining as Selenium has emerged as the pioneer of software testing. The data clearly indicates the rapidly growing popularity of Selenium among QA professionals and independent software testing service providers around the world. There are a number of reasons why selenium is considered a real threat to HP UFT.
Why does selenium affect HP UFT’s market share?
Every organization wants to develop and test its software applications without spending a lot of money. That’s why; a gradual decline has been noted in the popularity of licensed software testing tools. UFT is currently available as a commercially licensed and test automation tool from the HP Software Division. But Selenium is available as open source and free software. Thus, users can take advantage of the portable software testing framework without increasing project overhead. At the same time, the QA professional can also make use of the support of an extremely active community to resolve all issues and questions related to Selenium.
Support for web browser
The choice of web browser differs from user to user. To make the web application popular, the creator has to make sure that it runs on major web browsers without any error or malfunction. That is why he chooses a test tool that supports various web browsers. Despite being a commercial product, HP UFT does not support different types and versions of web browsers. Thus, it becomes difficult for QA professionals to judge the look, feel and performance of the application in many web browsers. Unlike UFT, Selenium supports all major web browsers including Firefox, Chrome, Internet Explorer, Opera and Safari. That’s why most web developers today choose Selenium to test their websites thoroughly and efficiently.
The operating systems supported by these two software testing frameworks also differ. HP UFT is designed to test software applications only in a Windows environment. So it only supports one operating system which is Microsoft Windows. On the other hand, Selenium supports major operating systems such as Windows, Mac OS X and Linux. The cross platform feature makes it easier for you QA professionals to use selenium to test web applications in different environments.
Support for programming language
While using UFT, testers have the option to write test scripts only in VBScript. As the script version of the VB programming language, VBScript is both simple and easy to learn. It allows testers to write test scripts easily and quickly. But the scripting language lacks the advanced features offered by other modern object-oriented programming languages. Selenium supports a variety of object-oriented programming languages, including C #, Java, PHP, Ruby and Python. Thus, the framework makes it easier for QA professionals to adopt an object-oriented approach to test automation. At the same time, it also allows testers to write test scripts in their programming language.
Support for IDEs and test frameworks
Today, QA professionals use IDEs to effect and accelerate test script development. But the choice of IDE differs from tester to tester. HP UFT does not allow test professionals to use their preferred IDE. They need to develop test cases using a single IDE i.e. UFT IDE. In contrast, with selenium, test professionals can choose from several common IDEs such as Eclipse, Netbeans and Visual Studio. They also have the option to use different testing frameworks with Selenium, based on their choice of programming language. These IDEs and test frameworks make it easier for QA professionals to significantly reduce the time and effort required to test large and complex web applications.
Shorter execution time
To complete all tests in time, QA professionals are exploring ways to quickly write and run test scripts. UFT uses script time by using VBScript. But it drastically increases execution time by taking full load of RAM and CPU. It also lacks the ability to run multiple instances or threads of the application at the same time. On the other hand, Selenium runs test scripts at a faster pace. It also allows users to run different instances or threads of the web application on different web browsers at the same time. Its slower execution time and ability to run multiple instances make Selenium hugely popular with web developers and testers around the world.
Option to create a complete test automation suite
With HP UFT, users can automate all types of functional testing using a single GUI interface. The interface allows them to test the application’s GUI functionality and the business logic or back-end services. On the other hand, Selenium enables users to create a complete web application test automation suite by combining Selenium IDE and Selenium WebDriver. Selenium IDE can be used to create scripts for rapid bug reproduction, while Selenium IDE facilitates the development of browser-based automation tests and regression suites. The different variants also ensure that selenium scores against UFT.
When comparing Selenium and HP UFT, the user should focus on the features of each test automation tool. Despite being considered the pioneer of software testing, Selenium testing can only be used for web-based applications. Thus, the huge popularity of the portable web application testing framework can be attributed to the huge popularity of websites and web applications. On the other hand, a company can use HP UFT to automate both desktop and web applications. That’s why; it becomes essential for the user to choose selenium or HP UFT based on their testing needs.