SharePoint latest interview questions and answers for freshers in 2017

Questions and answers

What is SharePoint?

SharePoint is a web-based, collaborative platform that integrates with Microsoft Office.

Microsoft SharePoint is an extensible platform that delivers a range of products that can help organizations with a solution for different business needs.

What are the core features of SharePoint?

The key features of SharePoint are as follows:

  • SharePoint Sites makes it easy to create websites.

  • SharePoint Communities plays its role in collaborating with other people.

  • Content makes SharePoint a true CMS (Content Management System)

  • Search engine provides smart and efficient search of company content.

  • Insight gathers information from various data sources.

  • Composition makes SharePoint an extensible platform and expands its capabilities by using various tools such as SharePoint Designer, etc.

What is a SharePoint Farm?

SharePoint Farm is a collection of one or more SharePoint server (s) working together to provide a set of SharePoint Services. Servers in a SharePoint Farm usually share common resources and own a single Central Configuration database.

Web Applications Vs Site Collections Vs Sites in SharePoint?

  • Web application is a collection of site collections in SharePoint OR for how a site collection exists in a web application.

  • SharePoint Site Collection is a collection of SharePoint sites that share common features such as content types, templates, site columns, permissions, web parts, etc.

  • SharePoint Site is basically a site. SharePoint allows us to create websites of specific types such as the personal site, a team site, a social media site, blogs or a Wiki site, etc.

What is the concept of content type in SharePoint?

  • SharePoint is about content, so Content-Type is a reusable collection of settings and metadata to represent a specific type of content. For example, a student’s content type may have a set of metadata such as student enrollment ID, name, year of enrollment, etc.

  • Content type in SharePoint makes it easier to organize content in a more meaningful way. It supports inheritance of characteristics, behavior and appearance.

What are SharePoint main pages?

  • SharePoint master pages serve the same purpose as ASP.NET Master Pages. Certain parts of a web page usually remain the same as header, footer or navigation bar, etc. So we create master pages with these common parts to achieve a uniform look and feel of a SharePoint site.

Using main pages offers many benefits, including:

  • Ordinary checks only in one place

  • Writing less code and centralized updating

  • Better user experience

  • flexibility

  • Easier management of SharePoint sites

What is a Website?

A Web site is a collection of web pages used to store information in an organized manner. It stores a list of documents, discussions, events, tasks and many other types of information. The site provides controlled access to share information between users.

What is a sub-page?

A sub-site is a single SharePoint within a collection of sites. A subsite can inherit permissions and navigation structure from its parent site or can be specified and managed independently.

What is a list?

A SharePoint list is a collection of items that are related to a device such as a student, staff, etc. These types of items on the lists are called items. A list contains columns or fields that define element data or metadata.

What is a Document Library?

A document library allows users to easily upload, save, share, collaborate, and track documents or files.

What is Image Library?

An image library allows users to easily upload, save, share, collaborate, and track images or digital images.

What is versioning?

  • Versioning allows updates, restoration, and tracking of the items in a list or in a library when they are changed.

  • Versioning uses version numbers to keep track of changes.

what is web application in SharePoint?

  • In SharePoint, the web application is only an IIS site.

  • We can create a web application from Central Admin.

  • We can expand the web application in different zones once the web application is created.

What is a SharePoint site collection?

  • A site collection is nothing more than a set of sites.

  • Each site collection has the top-level site.

  • There may be multiple site collections in the web application, and each site collection may have multiple child pages.

What is a SharePoint Farm?

  • The farm is a collection of SharePoint servers with the same configuration database.

  • Configuration DB stores all the information needed to run the farm.

  • Each farm is managed through a central administration.

What are site columns?

Page Columns are predefined data columns that are reused in different content types. A content type is actually a collection of site columns.

What is meant by a site definition?

A site definition is a collection of files. the files are like ONET.XML, which defines the site template.

What do you mean by MOSS?

  • MOSS stands for Microsoft Office SharePoint Server.

  • It is the complete version of a portal-based platform for collaborative creation, management and sharing of documents and web services.

What Is ONET.xml?

  • Onet.xml file specifies all the components of a website. It is considered the core of a site definition.

  • It is present at the following location:

% SharePoint root% TEMPLATE SiteTemplates XML Onet.xml

From a development standpoint, what are the different classes in the Server Object Model?

The following are the classes in the Server Object Model from a development standpoint:

  • SPFarm

  • SPWebApplication

  • SPSite

  • SPWeb

  • SPList

  • SPListItem

  • SPDocumentLibrary

Explain content types in SharePoint?

  • A content type is a WSS type definition that is flexible and reusable.

  • It is used to define columns and behavior for an item in a list or document in a document library.

Distinguish between library vs. list?

  • The library is used to store the document, while lists are the container of similar elements in the form of rows and columns.

  • Core documents such as Word, Excel and PowerPoint can be created using a library, while you cannot create a document in a list. The list can be used to attach a document.

What do you mean by field control?

  • Field controls are ASP.NET 2.0 server controls. They provide basic field functionality in SharePoint.

  • They also provide basic general functionality, such as viewing or editing list data as they appear on SharePoint list pages.

What are the different types of input forms that can be created for a workflow?

Four types of input forms can be created for a workflow:

  • Associeringsform

  • Initieringsform

  • Change form

  • Task editing form

Explain an ancestral type. How is it related to content types?

  • An ancestor type is the base type from which the content entered is derived.

  • It defines the metadata fields included in the custom content type.

Explain Microsoft SharePoint Portal Server?

  • SharePoint Portal Server is a portal server that connects people, teams and knowledge across business processes.

  • It integrates information from various systems into a secure solution through single sign-on and enterprise application integration features.

  • It provides flexible deployment and management tools and facilitates end-to-end collaboration through data collection, organization and search.

  • It allows users to quickly find relevant information through customization and personalization of portal content and layout as well as through targeting the target audience.