Talcott Parsons, (born December 13, 1902, Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA – died May 8, 1979, Munich, West Germany), American sociologist and scientist whose concept of social activity influenced the intellectual foundations of many contemporary sociology. His work is actually concerned with a common theoretical method of evaluating modern society rather than closer empirical studies. He is credited with holding the job of Max Weber and Vilfredo Pareto in American sociology.
After receiving his B.A. from Amherst College in 1924, Parsons studied at the London School of Economics and at the Faculty of Heidelberg, exactly where he got his Ph.D. in 1927. I joined the faculty of the Harvard faculty as a lecturer in economics and started teaching sociology in 1931. In 1944 I became a full professor, and in 1946 I was appointed chairman of the brand new department of interpersonal relations, a Parsons’ article held until 1956. He remained at Harvard until his retirement in 1973. Parsons was also president of the American Sociological Society in 1949.
Parsons united clinical psychology as well as interpersonal anthropology with sociology, a fusion that is still active in the social sciences. It is often believed that his job includes a whole school of social understanding. In his first major book, The Structure of Social Action (1937), Parsons drew on components from the works of several European scholars (Weber, Pareto, Alfred Marshall and Émile Durkheim) to depend on a common systematic concept of social activity on a voluntary principle – that is, the options between alternative values and actions should be at least partially free. Parsons defined the locus of the sociological concept as residing not in the inner realm of character as postulated by Weber and Sigmund Freud, but in the external realm of the institutional structures produced by society. In the social system (1951) I focused his analysis on the problems and large-scale systems of balance, integration and social order. I have advocated for structural functional studies, an overview of why the interconnected and interacting devices that create the structures of a cultural system contribute to the growth and maintenance of that method.
Parsons is most popular as a sociologist, but he also taught programs and contributed in several other areas, such as economics, racial relations and anthropology.
Most of his work focused on the idea of structural functionalism, which is the idea of analyzing society through a common theoretical system.
Talcott Parsons was instrumental in the development of many important sociological theories. To begin with, the theory of its “sick role” in health sociology was created in connection with psychoanalysis. The sick function is a principle that relates to the social characteristics of getting sick and the associated privileges and responsibilities. Parsons also played a critical role in improving ‘The Grand Theory’, an attempt to integrate the different community sciences into a single theoretical framework. His main goal was to use multiple public science disciplines to write one common concept of human relations.
Parsons was usually accused of becoming ethnocentric (the perception that your society is actually much better than the one you study). An innovative and daring sociologist of his time, he is recognized for the contributions of his neo-evolutionism and functionalism. I have published over 150 books and articles in his lifetime.
Some other works by Parsons include Essays in Sociological Theory (1949; rev. Ed. 1954), Society and Economy (1956; with Neil J. Smelser), Process and Structure in Modern Societies (1960), Societies: Comparative and evolutionary Perspectives (1966), Modern Society and sociological Theory (1967), Social Structure and Politics (1969), as well as the American Faculty (1973; with Gerald M. Platt and Neil J. Smelser).