The Different Types of Programming Languages ​​- Learn the basics

The development of computer programming languages ​​was made possible by the programmer’s search for effective translation of human language into something that computers can read and understand. The generated languages, called machine code, have high levels of abstraction, which hide the computer hardware and make use of representations that are more convenient for programmers.

As programs evolve and become more sophisticated, programmers found that certain types of computer languages ​​are easier to support. As expected in a dynamic discipline, there is no standard for categorizing the languages ​​used in programming. There are actually dozens of categories. One of the most basic ways to categorize the languages ​​is through a programming paradigm that provides the programmer’s view on code execution. Among the language classifications according to the programming paradigm are:

o Object-oriented programming languages

Known as the latest and most powerful paradigms, object-oriented programming requires the designer to specify data structures as well as the types of operations to be applied to those data structures. Pairing data and the operations that can be performed on it is called an object. A program created using this language therefore consists of a set of collaborative objects instead of an instruction list.

The most famous object-oriented programming these days is C #, C, Visual Basic, Java and Python.

o Structured programming languages

An exceptional type of procedural programming, structured programming gives programmers additional tools to deal with the problems created by larger programs. Using this language, programmers are required to cut program structure into small pieces of code that can be easily understood. Instead of using global variables, it uses variables that are local to each subroutine. Among the popular features of structured programming is that it does not accept GOTO statements, usually associated with the top-down method. Such an approach starts with an opening overview of the system with minimal details of the various parts. To add these details then design iterations are included to complete the design.

Commonly used structured languages ​​include C, Pascal and ADA.

o Procedural programming language

Procedural programming involves a list of operations that the program must perform to be able to reach the preferred state. It is a simple programming paradigm, with each program coming with a start-up phase, a list of tasks and operations and a final phase. This approach, also called imperative programming, comes with small sections of code that perform certain functions. These sections consist of procedures, subroutines or methods. A procedure consists of a list of calculations to be performed. Procedure programming lets a portion of the code be used again without having to copy more. It achieves this by dividing programmatic tasks into small sections. Because of this, programmers are also able to maintain and understand program structure.

Among the known procedural languages ​​are BASIC and FORTRAN.

These are the different types of computer programming languages ​​that you can consider when planning a computer program. procedure Programming splits the program’s source code into smaller fragments. Structured languages requires multiple restrictions on flow and organization of programs. and object-oriented programs arrange codes and data structures into objects.